Without correct and sufficient management, a construction site can be an extremely dangerous place to work. Adequate health and safety measures must be put in place to ensure the safety and well-being not only of staff but of the general public. Here are 6 health and safety requirements that must be implemented on a construction site.
Lockable perimeter fencing is necessary on all construction sites. This ensures that any ongoing work areas are restricted and are inaccessible to unauthorised parties at all times. A visitor and staff register will be held on-site. Anyone accessing or exiting the site must sign in and out. This will ensure that, in the event of an emergency, the site management team are aware of how many people need to be accounted for.
Any new workers to the site must be given a site induction. This will detail the site safety requirements, sign-in areas, access routes and other procedures that must be followed. Ensuring that all staff and sub-contractors are aware of these policies should guarantee that they do not put themselves or others at risk.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Anyone accessing a construction site should only be allowed to do so if wearing the correct safety clothing and footwear. Reflective jackets, hard hats, and safety boots must be worn where deemed necessary. If this is not possible, the site management team may refuse site access if they do not feel it safe to access without them. If it is dark and machinery is being used, Hi-Viz jackets and vests provide added visibility. Hard hats protect in the event of a head impact. Safety boots also offer impact protection whilst providing added grip and stability. PPE gear can save lives so its use must be taken seriously.
Pollution prevention plan
There can be many toxic gases and liquids held at any given time on a site that is under construction. A pollution prevention plan is necessary to ensure that these are securely and correctly housed and locked away in a designated area. Fuel and lubricant suppliers can access the area to restock as necessary but must adhere to health and safety policies at all times.
Machinery and vehicles
Each site should have a traffic management plan. This will detail safe and suitable access for staff and the public but will also provide access routes for construction only vehicles. On-site machinery and construction vehicles should only be used in permitted areas. These areas must be signposted and cordoned off where necessary. Machinery must be checked regularly to ensure that it is safe to use.
It is a legal requirement that any accidents be reported in an on-site accident book. As well as noting who was involved and detailing any injuries, the site manager must also note what steps were taken thereafter. If this is not carried out properly and adequately, it could put the company at risk of external involvement.